Historical Development of Casting Industry-2


Processing and shaping metals, one of the oldest professions of humanity, BC. It started with the use of the first metal and metal oxides in the 9000’s.

In Çayönü Hill and Çatalhöyük BC. Copper beads, hooks and plates dated to 7500 with C14 radiographic analysis are examples of the first use of mines in Anatolia.

The production of various casting objects ranging from arsenic copper, bronze and brass has been one of the driving forces of various states established in Northern Mesopotamia, Eastern and Central Anatolia throughout history.

The Urartians, who became famous as the Hittite King and miner masters who first sat on an iron board, are important cornerstones of the casting industry in Anatolia.

During the Seljuk and Ottoman empires, casting spread to all cities in Anatolia and reached a commercial scope, and the importance of casting increased especially in the defense industry after the mastery of ball casting.

With the era of the Republic, the Turkish casting industry left the order of small workshops and guilds and developed into large-scale industrial establishments, and the triangle of Istanbul, Bursa, Kocaeli, Sakarya and Ankara, Eskişehir, Konya, İzmir, Denizli, Samsun, Çorum, Trabzon, Adana, Many cities such as Kahramanmaraş and Gaziantep have been important production centers.

Foundry, which includes 7-8 thousand years of experience in the world, experienced its main development with the “Industrial Revolution” in the 19th and 20th centuries. With the developing automotive industry, it has reached an annual production of 100 million tons. Casting of steel, ductile iron, aluminum and magnesium materials developed instead of classical gray cast iron plays an important role in this growth.